The city of Qufu is located in the southwest region of Shandong Province in China and is steeped in history. The city’s historical import comes primarily from being home to the great Chinese philosopher and sage, Confucius. In fact, the draw to pay homage to Confucius and see the temples made Qufu, in ancient China, a site of sacred importance that rivaled Jerusalem and Mecca. One year after the death of Confucius, in 479 BC, the city erected the Temple of Confucius, near the Confucius Woods where the Confucius family cemetery is located, and later the Kong Family Mansion. During the time of Confucius, known as the Spring and Autumn Period, 770BC-476 BC, the city of Qufu was the capital of what was then known as the State of Luo. The complex of the Confucius Temple and Kong Family Mansion, including a large amount of statues and relics, has been ruined by fires and political uprisings over the centuries but is continually rebuilt. Tourists and followers of Confucius continue to travel to Qufu to visit the three historical and cultural sites associated with Confucius: the Confucius Temple, Woods, and Kong Family Mansion. This travel to Qufu increases tremendously during the large birthday festival the city holds each year, on September 28th, in remembrance of Confucius. Another way in which the city pays homage to the great sage is that no building within the city is taller than the Confucius Temple. Apart from its great historical attributes, Qufu is also known for its production of rice.