Shanghai Province is located in northeast China, bordering the East China Sea and Hangzhou Bay. With its coastline, Shanghai has had an advantageous location as both a sea and river port. In the 16th century during the Ming Dynasty, Shanghai was the national center for textile and handicraft and soon became the home of the Qing Dynasty’s customs office. By the mid-19th century it evolved into a major trading port.
Shanghai, after liberation by the People’s Liberation Army of the Communist Party of China, developed into a megalopolis: “one of the economic, financial, trade and shipping centers of China, and the world.”
The population of Shanghai is in a constant state of growth. People from all over China move to the Province, bringing its population to more than 13 million people, approximately 1% of China’s total population.
Given its geographic location, Shanghai has a humid subtropical climate that features four distinct seasons. Winters are cold with northerly winds from Siberia, though there is little snowfall. Summers are hot and humid with susceptibility to typhoons. Spring and autumn are characterized by light rainfall and an average temperature of 16.1°C (61.0°F).
Shanghai’s cosmopolitan history has yielded a rich blend of cultural and religious heritage. There is a diverse presence of buildings and institutions around the city including those related to Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, as well as Christian, Muslim and Jewish faiths